In a recent study conducted by Centre of Environment and Energy Development, it has been found that Lucknow has the second highest number of premature deaths due to pollution-related diseases among 11 north Indian cities assessed.
This certainly is alarming news for the residents of the Lucknow who are dwelling in a polluted environment and are still contributing towards curbing it. The study titled ‘KNOW WHAT YOU BREATHE’ was conducted by Centre of Environment and Energy Development (CEED) in collaboration with IIT Delhi.
The data for 17 years (2000 to 2016) were recorded by the team before coming up with their findings. The study analyzed air quality and collated it with deaths caused due to respiratory diseases.
As a result of the study it was recorded that 4,127 deaths took place annually in Lucknow due to diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Ischemic heart disease, lung cancer and acute lower respiratory infection.
The study assessed 11 cities in North India out of which 7 are from Uttar Pradesh. The study reveals that Meerut is recorded to be the most polluted city followed by Agra, Muzaffarpur, Patna and Lucknow. Lucknow stands fifth in pollution rate and is followed by Kanpur, Gorakhpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Gaya and Ranchi.
But when it comes to death by Pollution, Lucknow is the second in the list only behind its neighboring city Kanpur which is certainly an alarming situation for the city dwellers. Lucknow is followed by Patna, Agra, Meerut, Varanasi, Allahabad, Ranchi, Gorakhpur, Muzaffarpur and Gaya in decreasing order.
The study has quoted that one factor causing these diseases is ‘PM2.5’, a deadly particulate matter of diameter less than 2.5 micrometres which is fine enough to enter the bloodstream.
Ankita Jyoti, the senior program officer of CEED said, “PM2.5 concentration in Lucknow air was 88 per cubic metre of air which is over two times the national annual standard (40 per cubic metre) and eight times of WHO’s annual permissible limits of 10 per cubic metre.”
The study also found that residential pollution emission due to burning of coal or wood for cooking, lighting and heating purposes was the leading cause of high pollution levels and health hazards in the cities.
Keeping in view this alarming death rate, it certainly is a high time for Lucknow or rather Uttar Pradesh government as well as residents to show some responsible attitude towards controlling pollution.
It’s time to act before it’s too late.